Anyone who wishes to create and maintain focus and purpose in their life needs to train themselves in the following five virtues called ‘core virtues’ [saaradhamma] by the Lord Buddha:
1. Faith or Confidence :
This means believing in the appropriate things. It means training yourself to be reasonable not to be gullible. The difference between being faithful and being gull-able is that the latter has no reason for their confidence. Thus wisdom is always an important component of faith. From the Buddhist point of view, the basis of faith is:
- the existence of the Buddha
- the working of the Law of Karma — that doing good deeds really gives rise to good results (with the proviso of doing those good deeds properly, sufficiently and not in excess)
- that the result of one’s good or bad karma will follow one until it gives its retribution.
2. The Precepts:
You must keep the minimum of Five Precepts, This is the general universal goodness of all human should keep. They are; 1. not to kill, 2. Not to steal, 3. sexuality misconduct towards your partner, 4. Not tell lie, 5. Not to intoxicated your body with drug or liquid drink.
3. Having heard much [bahusuta]:
Be specific, this means being diligent in the acquisition of knowledge both spiritual and worldly by listening to many teachings.
4. Being a person of self-sacrifice [caaga]:
This means being able to sacrifice and let go both of material possessions (given to others) and also to let go of our grudges and bad temper by forgiving others.
5. Training Oneself in Meditation [samaadhi]:
We need to train ourselves in meditation if we are to have any chance of attaining wisdom. Wisdom is the most essential element in having a well-planned aim in life and being able to keep ourselves to it. If the mind is trained in meditation it will have the determination to remain unscathed in the face of temptations to “lower our sights” and settle for less ambitious aims in life.